Scalloway (HU401394), (Old Norse :Skalavagr - bay with house ), (Population: 812, at 2001 census), was the ancient capital of Shetland. Built from 1599 onwards by Earl Patrick Stewart, the remains of Scalloway Castle is the most notable feature of the village.
In a letter of 1563 by the governor of Shetland, concerning merchants from North Germany, Scalloway is referred to as Schalewage. It was no doubt a good sheltered harbour on the route to Hillswick.
Norwegian boatbuilders from the Bergen area, (Os and Tysnes ), built Yoals, which were then taken apart and 'flat packed' for shipping to Scalloway, from about the 16th century. Instead of sending complicated assembly instructions, they sent boatbuilders to re-build them. Many of those stayed for years in Shetland, and some married there.
The Gallow Hill, above Houll and overlooking the village, was Shetland's place of execution during the 17th century. Barbara Tulloch<ref>http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/SCT-SHETLAND/2003-08/1059975272 Rootsweb</ref> and her daughter Ellen - the last witches to be burned in Shetland - were executed there, perhaps around 1680.
Scalloway declined in influence during the 18th century, but began to flourish again around 1820, when cod fishing became important in the central mainland of Shetland.
During World War II, Scalloway was the home base and housed for some time the headquarter of The Shetland Bus, part of the Norwegian resistance against Nazi-Germany. The Norway House and the Prince Olav Pier / slipway, which formed major parts of the base are still existing. Details about the history of The Shetland Bus are on display at the Scalloway Museum,  Willie Smith has written a memoir of this period. Other notable Scalloway authors are the prolific James R. Nicolson and the photographer/writer C.J. (Clement) Williamson.
After the war Scalloway served as harbour of the Shetland-Orkney ferry service (mv Orcadia on the Scalloway - Stromness route).
Today Scalloway is best known as home of the North Atlantic Fisheries College.
After the opening of the Schiehallion Oil Field off the westcoast of Shetland, Scalloway took over some functions as a service base for the oil business.
Businesses, Services, and Amenities
|Shops||Restaurants, Take Aways, Clubs, Hotels & Bars||Other Businesses||Services & Amenities|
- Scalloway Streets and Roads
- The Shetland Bus
- Scalloway Castle
- Scalloway Junior High School
- Scalloway - East Voe Marina
- Scalloway - Port Arthur Marina
- Scalloway Pier
- Scalloway Harbour - Information
- Tourist Information
- Visit Shetland
- Broch House - Bed & Breakfast
- Panphotos - Scalloway
- Dough Houghton - Photos of Scalloway
- NHS - Scalloway and Central Mainland